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Budapest places of religion

CALVINIST CHURCH
new calvinist church, budapest
IX., Kálvin tér 7.

A symbol of the Hungarian Reformed Church. Built in Classicist style in 1816-1830. The Calvin Room in the west wing features stained glass windows by Miksa Róth, depicting the key personalities of the church. 17-19th c. silver and goldsmith pieces in the Treasury.
Only group visits are arranged upon prior appointment.

HUNGARIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH
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castle, budapest
V, Petőfi tér 2/B.

A symbol of the Hungarian Reformed Church. Built in Classicist
style in 1816-1830. The Calvin Room in the west wing features stained glass windows by Miksa Róth, depicting the key personalities of the church. 17-19th c. silver and goldsmith pieces in the Treasury.

Only group visits are arranged upon prior appointment.

ST. STEPHEN'S BASILICA
V., Szent István tér

The construction of the largest church of the capital (seating 8,500 persons) was full of vicissitudes.

No sooner did the groundwork begin when the War of Independence broke out in 1848, then construction was resumed in 1851, followed by the immediate death of the two architects, and even the dome collapsed during the works.

The church with a Greek cross plan was finally consecrated in 1905, and in 1931 it was awarded the title 'basilica minor' by the Holy Seat. It is 86 m long, 55 m wide, with an area of 4,147 sq. m, and the dome is 96 m high (just as that of Parliament building).
The right tower houses the country's biggest bell of 9 tonnes. The right hand of Stephen I, the first Hungarian King, the Holy Right is kept here, which is paraded by the faithful each 20th August. St. Stephen's skull relic is also displayed here until 20th August, 2001. 19th c. ecclesiastical objects in the Treasury. The dome provides
great views of the city (elevátort-137 steps)

SYNAGOGUE
VII., Dohány u. 2-8

Built in 1854-59, it is the world's second largest and
Europe's largest synagogue, with a seating capacity of 3,000. The Romantic style is strongly mixed with Byzantine and Moorish elements.

The two onion-domes are 43 meter high, and even the French composer Saint-Saéns played the organ there.
Adjoining to the fully restored building is the Hall Of Heroes, where the Monument of Hungarian Jewish Martyrs was erected in 1991. The Jewish Museum is next door.

The concerts held in the synagogue are truly special. (It should be noted here what few people in Budapest know that a plaque on a house in Wesselényi utca, near the synagogue, indicates that Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern Zionism was born there.)

Open: Mon-Fri 10.00-15.00, Sun 10.00-13.00
Services: Fri 18.00, Sa 09.00

INNER CITY PARISH CHURCH
parish church, budapest
V, Március 15. tér.

Oldest building in Pest. Although the register dates back to 1688, a Roman style cathedral stood here in the late 12th c, which was destroyed by the Mongol invaders.

Current dimensions date back to the 14th c. The Turks converted it into a mosque, the memory of which a mihrab, a prayer niche is in the chancel. This was the only Christian church after the Sultan had built mosques. Burnt down in 1723, rebuilt in Baroque in the 18th c. The most
beautiful part is the Gothic chancel.

LUTHERAN CHURCH
lutheran church, budapest
V, Deák Ferenc tér 5.

The Classicist church was built in 1799-1808. A plaque on the
facade tells that Lajos Kossuth, the great Hungarian statesman had his sons baptised here. Few people know that the adjoining National Lutheran Museum keeps the original will of Martin Luther from 1542.

The church is open during services only, Sun 0900, 1100 and 1800.

MATTHIAS CHURCH (MÁTYÁS TEMPLOM)
matyas church, budapest
V, Március 15. tér.

Officially called the Church of Our Lady, the church is named after the main donor King Matthias, who got married here twice. This symbol of the city was built in the 13th-15th c. in Gothic style.

When the Turks occupied Buda in 1541, it was turned into a mosque and the frescoes whitewashed. After the retaking of Buda, it went to the Jesuits, who made Baroque alterations.

Became a parish church after 1773. Restored in the second half of the 19th c. and rebuilt in neo-Gothic style. Except during services, the church is open throughout the year, Mon-Sat 1000-1700, Sun 1300-1700. Masses Mon-Fri 0830-0900 and 1200-1230, Sun 0830-0930 and 1200-1230.
You can see a stone collection, a relic collection, replicas of the coronation regalia, a Hospitaller Chapel, and a fine collection of goldsmiths' masterpieces in the treasury. The magnificent acoustics make it into a popular concert venue.

Open: daily 0930-1730. Closed: mid Jan-mid Feb

PEST FRANCISCAN CHURCH
franciscan church, budapest
V., Ferenciek tere 2.

A church stood here already in 1260. The high mass was celebrated here when King Andrew III was crowned in 1290.
In the 16th c. the Turks converted it to a mosque, and after the town had been taken back the Franciscan monks held the services in the Muslim church for several decades. The current building was erected in 1727-1743. The interior replicates the layout of the Jesuit Gesu II church in Rome.

Several of the frescos were painted for Hungary's Millennium celebrations (1896). A plaque on the first bench on the right-hand side, close to the pulpit, commemorates Franz Liszt, who lived in the monastery for a time.

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